Palm Jumeirah, United Arab Emirates
The Palm Jumeirah is an artificial archipelago created using land reclamation. It is shaped as a palm tree and is 5 by 5 kilometers. Construction began in June 2001. The Palm Jumeirah was created by pouring sand fill onto the 10.5 metre-deep seabed using dredgers. Above sea level, 3 metres of the reclamation were achieved by a dredging technique known as “rainbowing”, in which the sand fill was sprayed over the surface of the rising island.